George Washington was an American politician and soldier who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The Founding Fathers of the United States are the individuals of the Thirteen British Colonies in North America who led the American Revolution against the authority of the British Crown and established the United States of America.
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He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and later presided over the 1787 convention that drafted the United States Constitution.
The American Revolutionary War, also referred to as the American War of Independence and the Revolutionary War in the United States, was an armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies that after onset of the war declared independence as the United States of America.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
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He is popularly considered the driving force behind the nation's establishment and came to be known as the "father of the country," both during his lifetime and to this day.
Washington was widely admired for his strong leadership qualities and was unanimously elected president by the Electoral College in the first two national elections.
He oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the French Revolutionary Wars, suppressed the Whiskey Rebellion, and won acceptance among Americans of all types.
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts, lasting from 1792 until 1802, resulting from the French Revolution.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 during the presidency of George Washington.
Washington's incumbency established many precedents still in use today, such as the cabinet system, the inaugural address, and the title Mr. President.
His retirement from office after two terms established a tradition that lasted until 1940 when Franklin Delano Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
The 22nd Amendment now limits the president to two elected terms.
The Twenty-second Amendment of the United States Constitution sets a term limit for election and overall time of service to the office of President of the United States.
He was born into the provincial gentry of Colonial Virginia to a family of wealthy planters who owned tobacco plantations and slaves, which he inherited.
Gentry are "well-born, genteel and well-bred people" of high social class, especially in the past.
In his youth, he became a senior officer in the colonial militia during the first stages of the French and Indian War.
The French and Indian War comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1754–1763.
In 1775, the Second Continental Congress commissioned him as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution.
The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies which became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the summer of 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In that command, Washington forced the British out of Boston in 1776 but was defeated and nearly captured later that year when he lost New York City.
The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.
After crossing the Delaware River in the middle of winter, he defeated the British in two battles, retook New Jersey, and restored momentum to the Patriot cause.
His strategy enabled Continental forces to capture two major British armies at Saratoga in 1777 and Yorktown in 1781.
Historians laud Washington for the selection and supervision of his generals; preservation and command of the army; coordination with the Congress, state governors, and their militia; and attention to supplies, logistics, and training.
In battle, however, Washington was repeatedly outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies.
After victory had been finalized in 1783, Washington resigned as commander-in-chief rather than seize power, proving his opposition to dictatorship and his commitment to American republicanism.
Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention in 1787, which devised a new form of federal government for the United States.
Following his election as president in 1789, he worked to unify rival factions in the fledgling nation.
He supported Alexander Hamilton's programs to satisfy all debts, federal and state, established a permanent seat of government, implemented an effective tax system, and created a national bank.