George Walker Bush is an American politician who was the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009 and 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The President of the United States of America is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
President George W. Bush: The 9/11 Interview by shmekil
The eldest son of Barbara and George H. W. Bush, he was born in New Haven, Connecticut.
George Herbert Walker Bush is an American politician who was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
New Haven, in the U.S. state of Connecticut, is the principal municipality in Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.
President George W. Bush 2001 Inaugural Address by C-SPAN
After graduating from Yale University in 1968 and Harvard Business School in 1975, he worked in oil businesses.
Harvard Business School is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
He married Laura Welch in 1977 and ran unsuccessfully for the House of Representatives shortly thereafter.
He later co-owned the Texas Rangers baseball team before defeating Ann Richards in the 1994 Texas gubernatorial election.
He was elected president in 2000 after a close and controversial election against Al Gore, becoming the fourth president to be elected while receiving fewer popular votes nationwide than an opponent.
Albert Arnold "Al" Gore Jr. is an American environmentalist and politician who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton.
He is the second president to have been the son of a former president, the first having been John Quincy Adams.
John Quincy Adams was an American statesman who served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829.
He is also the brother of Jeb Bush, a former Governor of Florida and candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in the 2016 presidential election.
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, Sr. is an American businessman and politician who served as the 43rd Governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007.
Jeb is a masculine given name or nickname.
Eight months into Bush's first term as president, the September 11 terrorist attacks occurred.
Bush responded with what became known as the Bush Doctrine: launching a "War on Terror", an international military campaign which included the war in Afghanistan, in 2001, and the Iraq War, in 2003.
Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is a metaphor of war referring to the international military campaign that started after the September 11 attacks on the United States.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq lasted from 20 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States.
He also promoted policies on the economy, health care, education, social security reform, and amending the Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriage.
Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.
He signed into law broad tax cuts, the Patriot Act, the No Child Left Behind Act, the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Medicare prescription drug benefits for seniors, and funding for the AIDS relief program known as PEPFAR.
The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 is a United States law prohibiting a form of late-term abortion that the Act calls "partial-birth abortion", referred to in medical literature as intact dilation and extraction.
The President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief is a United States governmental initiative to address the global HIV/AIDS epidemic and help save the lives of those suffering from the disease, primarily in Africa.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 was a U.S. Act of Congress which reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.
His tenure saw national debates on immigration, Social Security, electronic surveillance, and torture.
Bush successfully ran for re-election against Democratic Senator John Kerry in 2004, in another relatively close election.
John Forbes Kerry is an American diplomat and Democratic Party politician who is the 68th and current United States Secretary of State.
After his re-election, Bush received increasingly heated criticism from across the political spectrum for his handling of the Iraq War, Hurricane Katrina, and other challenges.
A political spectrum is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions.
Hurricane Katrina was the eleventh named storm and fifth hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season.
Amid this criticism, the Democratic Party regained control of Congress in the 2006 elections.
In December 2007, the United States entered its longest post-World War II recession, often referred to as the "Great Recession", prompting the Bush administration to obtain congressional passage of multiple economic programs intended to preserve the country's financial system.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Nationally, Bush was both one of the most popular and unpopular presidents in history, having received the highest recorded presidential approval ratings in the wake of the September 11 attacks, as well as one of the lowest approval ratings during the 2008 financial crisis.
The financial crisis of 2007–09, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008-09 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
He was met with public protests during visits to the United Kingdom.
Bush left office in 2009, returning to Texas where he purchased a home in suburban Dallas.
Dallas is a major city in the state of Texas and is the largest urban center of the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States.