The Garden Bridge project was a proposed pedestrian bridge over the River Thames in London, England.
The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.
How to Build a Arched Garden Bridge by Mikleus HR
Consequent on an idea of Joanna Lumley, Thomas Heatherwick worked with Arup on a proposal by Transport for London for a new bridge across the Thames between Waterloo and Blackfriars bridges.
Thomas Alexander Heatherwick, CBE, RDI, HonFREng is an English designer and the founder of London-based design practice Heatherwick Studio.
Transport for London is a local government body responsible for the transport system in Greater London, England.
Joanna Lamond Lumley, OBE FRGS is an English actress, voice-over artist, former model, author and activist.
Garden Bridge With Free Plans by Sarasota RainBarrels
The proposed concrete, steel, cupronickel clad structure is intended to carry pedestrians.
Cupronickel is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
It would be located some 200 metres from Waterloo Bridge and 300 m from Blackfriars Bridge, and would include some areas of planting.
Waterloo Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and Hungerford Bridge.
The project includes a commercial building, built on former green space at the southern end of the bridge.
The bridge can only be funded by raising over £140 million of private money and £60 million of promised public money, of which £30m is from Transport for London and £30m from the Department for Transport, adding up to projected funding of over £200m in total, In January 2017 the trustees of the prospective owner of the bridge stated that costs would "substantially exceed" an earlier revised total of £185m and in April 2017 the report by Margaret Hodge concluded, on the basis of the Garden Bridge Trust's own evidence to her, that the cost would be over £200m.
The Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.
Dame Margaret Eve Hodge DBE is a British politician, who has served as Member of Parliament for Barking since 1994.
The bridge would be open from 6am to midnight, save for closures for preparation for and holding up to 12 private commercial events per year, to raise funds for the Bridge.
A planning condition requires annual maintenance costs to be guaranteed by a third party, and it was anticipated that this would be the Greater London Authority.
The maintenance costs are variously estimated at between £2m and £3.5m, before allowing for repayment of loan capital and interest.
In July 2016 preparatory work for the bridge was halted and the Garden Bridge Trust put contractors on standby to allow for a financial review and because the private owners still had not cleared outstanding issues such as securing land deals.
In September 2016 the Mayor of London announced a formal review by Margaret Hodge of the government’s procurement processes in relation to the bridge project and the value for money it provided.
The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London.
In October 2016 the National Audit Office reported on procurement issues and perceived value for money for that part of the cost of the project which was being met by funds from the Department for Transport.
In January 2017, the accounts of the Garden Bridge Trust stated that it was not a going concern.
In February 2017 the Charity Commission found the financial management of the trust to be satisfactory, albeit with criticisms as to the trustees' approach.
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities.
A subsequent report by Margaret Hodge MP was highly critical of the plan, its procurement, its cost, the risk to public funds, and value for money.