Gabrielle Dee "Gabby" Giffords is an American politician from the U.S. state of Arizona.
Gabrielle Giffords' Democratic Convention Speech by Reflect
As a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, she represented Arizona's 8th congressional district from January 3, 2007 until her resignation on January 25, 2012, after surviving an assassination attempt that left her with a severe brain injury.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress, alongside the Senate.
House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles.
Gabby Giffords speaks four years into her recovery by CBS Sunday Morning
Considered a "Blue Dog" Democrat, her focus on health care reform and illegal immigration were sources of attention for those opposed to her candidacy and made her a recipient of criticism from various conservative groups.
Health care reform is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
Illegal immigration is the migration of people across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country.
Giffords is a native of Tucson, Arizona, and a graduate of Scripps College and Cornell University.
Scripps College, founded in 1926, is a liberal arts women's college in Claremont, California, United States, with an enrollment of 989 students.
Cornell University is an American private Ivy League and public federal land-grant doctoral university located in Ithaca, New York.
Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona.
Prior to her election to the United States Congress, Giffords served in the Arizona House of Representatives from 2001 until 2003 and the Arizona State Senate from 2003 until 2005, when she resigned to run for the house seat held by then-Congressman Jim Kolbe.
James Thomas "Jim" Kolbe is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives for Arizona's 5th congressional district, 1985–2003 and 8th congressional district, 2003–2007.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
She also worked as an associate for regional economic development for Price Waterhouse in New York City, and as CEO of El Campo Tire Warehouses, a local automotive chain owned by her grandfather.
She is married to former astronaut and Space Shuttle Commander Mark E. Kelly.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as part of the Space Shuttle program.
On January 8, 2011, just a week into her third term, Giffords was a victim of an assassination attempt near Tucson, at a Safeway supermarket where she was meeting publicly with constituents.
She was critically injured by a gunshot wound to the head; a total of thirteen people were injured and six others were killed in the shooting, among them federal judge John Roll and a 9-year-old child, Christina-Taylor Green.
John McCarthy Roll was a United States federal judge who served on the United States District Court for the District of Arizona from 1991 until his death in 2011, and as chief judge of that court from 2006 to 2011.
Giffords was later brought to a rehabilitation facility in Houston, Texas, where she recovered some of her ability to walk, speak, read and write.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth-most populous city in the United States, located in Southeast Texas near the Gulf of Mexico.
On May 16, 2011, Giffords traveled to Kennedy Space Center to watch the launch of STS-134, the final flight of Space Shuttle Endeavour, which was commanded by her husband Mark Kelly.
STS-134 was the penultimate mission of NASA's Space Shuttle program and the 25th and last spaceflight of Space Shuttle Endeavour.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Mark Edward Kelly is a retired American astronaut, engineer and U.S. Navy Captain.
On January 22, 2012, Giffords announced her resignation from her congressional seat in order to concentrate on recovering from her wounds, but promised to return to public service in the future.
She appeared on the floor of the House on January 25, 2012, where she formally submitted her resignation to a standing ovation and accolades from her colleagues and the leadership of the House.