Free-Ranging Dogs


A free-ranging dog is any dog that is not contained.

The domestic dog is a domesticated canid which has been selectively bred over millennia for various behaviours, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.

How to build a dog proof fence for free ranging chickens by Self Sufficient Me


Free-ranging dogs include wild dogs, feral dogs, stray dogs, street dogs, and village dogs, as well as dogs allowed to come and go freely by their owners.

Street dogs, known in scientific literature as free-ranging urban dogs or urban free-ranging dogs, are unconfined dogs that live in cities.

A feral animal is an animal living in the wild but descended from domesticated individuals.

Indian Street Dog Playing With Puppies by Samiron Sarkar


The term is used when distinctions of ownership are irrelevant.


It sometimes overlaps with the polysemic term pariah dog.

In ecology, the term pariah dog refers to free-ranging dogs that occupy an ecological niche based on waste from human settlements.

Polysemy is the capacity for a sign to have multiple meanings, usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field.


The World Health Organization reports that there are 200 million stray dogs worldwide.

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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