François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande is a French politician who has been President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since taking office in 2012.
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
The Co-Princes of Andorra are the two rulers of the Principality of Andorra, a landlocked microstate lying in the Pyrenees mountains between France and Spain.
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Hollande was previously the First Secretary of the French Socialist Party from 1997 to 2008, the mayor of Tulle from 2001 to 2008, and the President of the Corrèze General Council from 2008 to 2012.
Secretary is a title often used in organizations to indicate a person having a certain amount of authority, power, or importance in the organization.
Tulle is a commune and capital of the Corrèze département in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France.
Corrèze is a department in south-western France, named after the river Corrèze.
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Hollande also served in the National Assembly of France twice for the department of Corrèze's 1st Constituency from 1988 to 1993, and again from 1997 to 2012.
France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country consisting of territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic.
Hollande was born in Rouen and raised in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
Neuilly-sur-Seine is a French commune just west of Paris, in the department of Hauts-de-Seine.
He began his political career as a special advisor to newly elected President François Mitterrand, before serving as a staffer for Max Gallo, the government's spokesman.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand was a French politician who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
After a brief stint as a municipal councillor for Ussel, he was elected as the country's inaugural First Secretary of the Socialist Party.
A Councillor is a member of a local government council.
After the triumph of the left in the 2004 regional elections, Hollande was cited as a potential presidential candidate, and resigned as First Secretary and was immediately elected to replace Jean-Pierre Dupont as the president of the General Council of Corrèze in 2008.
In 2011, Hollande announced that he would be a candidate in the primary election to select the Socialist Party presidential nominee; he won the nomination and on 6 May 2012, he was elected President with 51.7% of the vote.
During his tenure, Hollande legalized same-sex marriage by passing Bill no. 344, reformed labor furlough and credit training programs, withdrew French combat troops present in the Afghanistan military intervention, concluded a E.U. directive through a Franco-German contract and led the country through the 2015 Paris terrorist attacks.
In the United States, a furlough is a temporary leave of employees due to special needs of a company, which may be due to economic conditions at the specific employer or in the economy as a whole.
Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is marriage between people of the same sex, either as a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.
He was a leading proponent of NATO’s 2011 military intervention in Libya and has sent troops to Mali and the Central African Republic.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
Some of his actions and opinions regarding EU mandatory migrant quotas, the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Brexit, and the proposed constitutional amendment regarding the removal of French citizenship from suspected terrorists, have drawn domestic and international controversy.
A military intervention was launched by Saudi Arabia in 2015, leading a coalition of nine Middle Eastern countries, to influence the outcome of the Yemeni Civil War.
Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
As a member of the G8, Hollande has struggled to revive the economy of France in ways that sparked long-term economic stimulus by increasing taxes and seeing unemployment up to 10% as of December 2016, however his economic policies have secured France as the most toured country in the world and consolidated France's status as a nation of open markets, regulatory efficiency, rule of law and limited governmental intervention.
Hollande's approval ratings have fluctuated wildly during his time as president: upon being elected he was one of the most popular heads-of-state in the European Union with a nearly 60% approval rating.
The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Due to lack of economic development and domestic troubles over his tenure he has faced spikes and downturns in approval rates ultimately making him one of the most unpopular presidents in the country's history.
On December 1, 2016, he announced he would not seek re-election in the upcoming 2017 French presidential election.