The flag of Germany is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: black, red, and gold.
Red is the color at the longer-wavelengths end of the spectrum of visible light next to orange, at the opposite end from violet.
A flag is a piece of fabric with a distinctive design that is used as a symbol, as a signaling device, or as decoration.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
Flag of Germany by SteelyD
The flag was first adopted as the national flag of modern Germany in 1919, during the Weimar Republic.
Weimar Republic is an unofficial historical designation for the German state between 1919 and 1933.
Germany | Flag History by Jabzy
Germany has two competing traditions of national colours, black-red-gold and black-white-red, which have played an important role in the modern history of Germany.
The black-red-gold tricolour first appeared in the early 19th century and achieved prominence during the 1848 Revolutions.
The short-lived Frankfurt Parliament of 1848–1850 proposed the tricolour as a flag for a united and democratic German state.
The Frankfurt Parliament was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848.
With the formation of the Weimar Republic after World War I, the tricolour was adopted as the national flag of Germany.
World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Following World War II, the tricolour was designated as the flag of both West and East Germany in 1949.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
East Germany, formally the German Democratic Republic, was an Eastern Bloc state during the Cold War period.
The two flags were identical until 1959, when the East German flag was augmented with the coat of arms of East Germany.
The national emblem of the German Democratic Republic featured a hammer and a compass, surrounded by a ring of rye.
Since reunification on 3 October 1990, the black-red-gold tricolour has become the flag of reunified Germany.
After the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, the Prussian-dominated North German Confederation adopted a tricolour of black-white-red as its flag.
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War was a war fought in 1866 between the German Confederation under the leadership of the Austrian Empire and its German allies on one side and the Kingdom of Prussia with its German allies on the other, that resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states.
The German Confederation was an association of 39 German states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.
This flag later became the flag of the German Empire, formed following the unification of Germany in 1871, and was used until 1918.
The German Empire was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.
The unification of Germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 January 1871, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles in France.
Black, white, and red were reintroduced as the German national colours with the establishment of Nazi Germany in 1933, replacing German republican colours with imperial colours until the end of World War II.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
The colours of the modern flag are associated with the republican democracy formed after World War I, and represent German unity and freedom.
During the Weimar Republic, the black-red-gold colours were the colours of the democratic, centrist, and republican political parties, as seen in the name of Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold, formed by members of the Social Democratic, the Centre, and the Democratic parties to defend the republic against extremists on the right and left.
The Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold was an organization in Germany during the Weimar Republic, formed by members of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, the German Centre Party, and the German Democratic Party in 1924.