Family planning is the practice of controlling the number of children in a family and the intervals between their births, particularly by means of artificial contraception or voluntary sterilization.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
International Family Planning 101 by CARE
Because "family" is included in the concept's name, consideration of a couple's desire to bear children, in the context of a family unit, is often considered primarily.
Natural Family Planning for Pregnancy Prevention ... by The Mommy Archives
Contemporary notions of family planning, however, tend to place a woman and her childbearing decisions at the center of the discussion, as notions of women's empowerment and reproductive autonomy have gained traction in many parts of the world.
Family planning may involve consideration of the number of children a woman wishes to have, including the choice to have no children, as well as the age at which she wishes to have them.
These matters are obviously influenced by external factors such as marital situation, career considerations, financial position, any disabilities that may affect their ability to have children and raise them, besides many other considerations.
If sexually active, family planning may involve the use of contraception and other techniques to control the timing of reproduction.
Reproduction is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".
Other techniques commonly used include sexuality education, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections, pre-conception counseling and management, and infertility management.
Sexually transmitted infections, also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases and venereal diseases, are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex or oral sex.
Pre-conception counseling is a meeting with a health-care professional by a woman before attempting to become pregnant.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
Family planning is sometimes used as a synonym or euphemism for access to and the use of contraception.
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
However, it often involves methods and practices in addition to contraception.
Additionally, there are many who might wish to use contraception but are not, necessarily, planning a family ; family planning has become a catch-all phrase for much of the work undertaken in this realm.
It is most usually applied to a female-male couple who wish to limit the number of children they have and/or to control the timing of pregnancy.
Pregnancy, also known as gravidity or gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Female is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova.
Family planning may encompass sterilization, as well as abortion.
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo before it can survive outside the uterus.
Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved".