Fake news websites deliberately publish hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation purporting to be real news — often using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that allow individuals, companies, NGOs, governments, and other organizations to view, create and share information, ideas, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Disinformation is intentionally false or misleading information that is spread in a calculated way to deceive target audiences.
Propaganda is "information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view".
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Unlike news satire, fake news websites seek to mislead, rather than entertain, readers for financial, political, or other gain.
News satire is a type of parody presented in a format typical of mainstream journalism, and called a satire because of its content.
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Such sites have promoted political falsehoods in Germany, Indonesia and the Philippines, Sweden, Myanmar, and the United States.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South East Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania.
Many sites originate, or are promoted, from Russia, Macedonia, Romania, and the U.S.