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7 Facts About Everest Base Camp

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1

Everest Base Camp is either of two base camps on opposite sides of Mount Everest.

Mount Everest, also known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain.

A Quick Tour of Base Camp: April 10, 2009 | National Geographic by National Geographic

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South Base Camp is in Nepal at an altitude of 5,364 metres, and North Base Camp is in Tibet at 5,150 metres.

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia with a population of 26.4 million.

Day 8 | Everest Base Camp Trek | WE MADE IT! by Kara and Nate

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These camps are rudimentary campsites on Mount Everest that are used by mountain climbers during their ascent and descent.

The term mountaineering describes the sport of mountain climbing.

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South Base Camp is used when climbing via the southeast ridge, while North Base Camp is used when climbing via the northeast ridge.

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Supplies are shipped to the South Base Camp by sherpas or porters, and with the help of animals, usually yaks.

The domestic yak is a long-haired domesticated bovid found throughout the Himalaya region of southern Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia.

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The North Base Camp has vehicle access.

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Climbers typically rest at base camp for several days for acclimatization to reduce the risks and severity of altitude sickness.

Acclimatization or acclimatisation is the process in which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment, allowing it to maintain performance across a range of environmental conditions.

Altitude sicknessā€”also known as acute mountain sickness, is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude.

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