Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the concerns of non-human elements.
Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organisation controlled or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans.
Health is the level of functional and metabolic efficiency of a living organism.
Ideology is a collection of beliefs held by an individual, group or society.
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Environmentalism advocates the lawful preservation, restoration and/or improvement of the natural environment, and may be referred to as a movement to control pollution or protect plant and animal diversity.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
The natural environment encompasses all living things and non-living things occurring naturally.
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For this reason, concepts such as a land ethic, environmental ethics, biodiversity, ecology, and the biophilia hypothesis figure predominantly.
Environmental ethics is the part of environmental philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the non-human world.
The biophilia hypothesis suggests that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life.
Biodiversity, a contraction of "biological diversity," generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
At its crux, environmentalism is an attempt to balance relations between humans and the various natural systems on which they depend in such a way that all the components are accorded a proper degree of sustainability.
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely.
The exact measures and outcomes of this balance is controversial and there are many different ways for environmental concerns to be expressed in practice.
Environmentalism and environmental concerns are often represented by the color green, but this association has been appropriated by the marketing industries for the tactic known as greenwashing.
Greenwashing, or "green sheen", is a form of spin in which green PR or green marketing is deceptively used to promote the perception that an organization's products, aims or policies are environmentally friendly.
Environmentalism is opposed by anti-environmentalism, which says that the Earth is less fragile than some environmentalists maintain, and portrays environmentalism as overreacting to the human contribution to climate change or opposing human advancement.
An environmentalist broadly supports the goals of the environmental movement, "a political and ethical movement that seeks to improve and protect the quality of the natural environment through changes to environmentally harmful human activities".
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time.