Ella Josephine Baker was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist.
Human rights are moral principles or norms, which describe certain standards of human behaviour, and are regularly protected as legal rights in municipal and international law.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Ella Baker Speaks! "The Voice that Says Life is More Sacred Than Property Must Be Heard!" by Matthew Siegfried
She was a largely behind-the-scenes organizer whose career spanned more than five decades.
Celebrating 15 Years of People-Powered Change by Ella Baker Center for Human Rights
She worked alongside some of the most famous civil rights leaders of the 20th century, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, A. Philip Randolph, and Martin Luther King Jr. She also mentored many emerging activists, such as Diane Nash, Stokely Carmichael, Rosa Parks, and Bob Moses.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor.
Baker criticized professionalized, charismatic leadership; she promoted grassroots organizing, radical democracy, and the ability of the oppressed to understand their worlds and advocate for themselves.
Democracy, in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament.
Radical democracy was articulated by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe in their book Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics, written in 1985.
A grassroots movement is one which uses the people in a given district, region, or community as the basis for a political or economic movement.
She realized this vision most fully in the 1960s as the primary advisor and strategist of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
She has been ranked as "One of the most important African American leaders of the twentieth century and perhaps the most influential woman in the civil rights movement," known for her critiques not only of racism within American culture, but also the sexism and classism within the civil rights movement.
The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.