Elizabeth Eckford is one of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who, in 1957, were the first black students ever to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.
Little Rock is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Arkansas.
60 Years On, A Look Back at the Little Rock Nine by Associated Press
The integration came as a result of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
10 Most Powerful Photos That Changed The World by Lutch Green
Elizabeth's public ordeal was captured by press photographers on the morning of September 4, 1957, after she was prevented from entering the school by the Arkansas National Guard.
The Arkansas National Guard comprises both the Arkansas Army National Guard and Arkansas Air National Guard.
A dramatic snapshot by Johnny Jenkins showed the young girl being followed and threatened by an angry white mob; this and other photos of the day's startling events were circulated around the US and the world by the print press.
His image was the unanimous selection for a 1958 Pulitzer Prize, but since the story had earned the Arkansas Gazette two other Pulitzer Prizes already, the Prize was awarded to another photographer for a pleasant photograph of a two-year-old boy in Washington, D.C. A different photo taken by Counts of Alex Wilson, a black reporter for the Memphis Tri-State Defender being beaten by the angry mob in Little Rock the same day, was chosen as the "News Picture of the Year" for 1957 by the National Press Photographers Association.
The National Press Photographers Association is an American professional association made up of still photographers, television videographers, editors, and students in the journalism field.
This image by Counts prompted President Dwight D. Eisenhower to send federal troops to Little Rock.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American politician and soldier who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.