Electoral reform is change in electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results.
Voting systems, such as proportional representation, a two-round system, instant-runoff voting, Instant Round Robin Voting called Condorcet Voting, approval voting, citizen initiatives and referendums and recall elections.
A voting system or electoral system consists of the set of rules which must be followed for a vote to be considered valid, and which set out how votes are counted and aggregated to yield a final result of an election or a referendum.
Instant-runoff voting, also known as the alternative vote, transferable vote, ranked-choice voting, or preferential voting, is a voting system used in single-seat elections when there are more than two candidates.
In political science, an initiative is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote.
How candidates and political parties are able to stand and how they are able to get their names onto ballots
Ballot design and voting equipment
Voting machines are the total combination of mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic equipment, that is used to define ballots; to cast and count votes; to report or display election results; and to maintain and produce any audit trail information.
A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting.
Measures against bribery, coercion, and conflicts of interest
Financing of candidates' and referendum campaigns
Factors which affect the rate of voter participation