The United States Electoral College is the body that elects the President and Vice President of the United States every four years.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest position in the executive branch of the United States, after the President.
A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.
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Citizens of the United States do not directly elect the president or the vice president; instead they choose "electors", who usually pledge to vote for particular candidates.
October Electoral College Prediction by KoasterKid95
Electors are apportioned to each of the 50 states as well as to the District of Columbia.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of members of Congress to which the state is entitled, while the Twenty-third Amendment grants the District of Columbia the same number of electors as the least populous state, currently three.
Therefore, there are currently 538 electors, corresponding to the 435 Representatives and 100 Senators, plus the three additional electors from the District of Columbia.
Except for Maine and Nebraska, all states have chosen electors on a "winner-take-all" basis since the 1880s.
Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.
Me or ME may refer to:
That is, each state has all of its electors pledged to the presidential candidate who wins the most votes in that state.
Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote.
Although no elector is required by federal law to honor a pledge, there have been very few occasions when an elector voted contrary to a pledge.
The Twelfth Amendment, in specifying how a president and vice president are elected, requires each elector to cast one vote for president and another vote for vice president.
The candidate who receives an absolute majority of electoral votes for the office of president or of vice president is elected to that office.
A supermajority, or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one half used for majority.
The Twelfth Amendment provides for what happens if the Electoral College fails to elect a president or vice president.
If no candidate receives a majority for president, then the House of Representatives will select the president, with each state delegation having only one vote.
If no candidate receives a majority for vice president, then the Senate will select the vice president, with each senator having one vote.
On four occasions, most recently in the 2000 presidential election, the Electoral College system has resulted in the election of a candidate who did not receive the most popular votes in the election.