The effects of Hurricane Andrew in Florida proved to be at the time the costliest disaster in the state's history, as well as the then-costliest on record in the United States.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Hurricane Andrew was a Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck the Bahamas and Florida in mid-August 1992, the most destructive hurricane to ever hit the state.
Florida is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Hurricane ANDREW (High Quality) - Miami-Dade County, Florida - August 23-24, 1992 by Tropmet | Storm Chasing
Hurricane Andrew formed from a tropical wave on August 16, 1992 in the tropical Atlantic Ocean.
Tropical waves, easterly waves, or tropical easterly waves, also known as African easterly waves in the Atlantic region, are a type of atmospheric trough, an elongated area of relatively low air pressure, oriented north to south, which moves from east to west across the tropics causing areas of cloudiness and thunderstorms.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers.
Hurricane Andrew 1992 by NOAAVisualizations
It moved west-northwest and remained weak for several days due to strong wind shear.
Wind shear, sometimes referred to as wind gradient, is a difference in wind speed or direction over a relatively short distance in the atmosphere.
However, after curving westward on August 22, the storm rapidly intensified to reach peak winds of 175 mph.
Following its passage through The Bahamas, Andrew made landfall near Homestead, Florida as a Category 5 hurricane on August 24.
Homestead is a city within Miami-Dade County in the U.S. state of Florida, between Biscayne National Park to the east and Everglades National Park to the west.
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
A homestead originally meant a farmhouse and its adjacent outbuildings.
Eventually, Andrew struck southern Louisiana before it dissipated over the eastern United States on August 28.
Strong winds from the hurricane significantly affected four counties in the state, which damaged or destroyed over 730,000 houses and buildings, while leaving more than 1 million without power.
The storm surge impacted portions of Miami-Dade County, peaking at around 16.9 feet just north of Homestead near the Burger King International Headquarters; the surge caused significant damage to boats and to the Charles Deering Estate.
A storm surge is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems, the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, and the timing of tides.
Charles Deering Estate was the Florida home of Charles Deering until 1927 when he died at the estate.
The nationwide maximum rainfall total from the hurricane was 13.98 inches in the western portion of Miami-Dade County.
No major flooding was reported in the state.
The hurricane caused about $25.3 billion in damage and 44 deaths in the state—15 directly from the storm's effects and 29 indirectly related.
Many other sources, however, estimated that Andrew caused more than $32 billion in damage in the state.
Andrew was, at the time, the costliest hurricane in the history of the United States; it was surpassed in subsequent years by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Hurricane Ike in 2008, Hurricane Sandy in 2012, and hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria in 2017.
Hurricane Ike was a powerful tropical cyclone that swept through portions of the Greater Antilles and Northern America in September 2008, wreaking havoc on infrastructure and agriculture, particularly in Cuba and Texas.