Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, better known as Donatello, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor from Florence.
The Renaissance was a period in European history, from the 14th to the 17th century, regarded as the cultural bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history.
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the Metropolitan City of Florence.
Donatello and the Renaissance by Nimit Parikh
He studied classical sculpture and used this to develop a complete Renaissance style in sculpture, whose periods in Rome, Padua and Siena introduced to other parts of Italy a long and productive career.
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He worked with stone, bronze, wood, clay, stucco and wax, and had several assistants, with four perhaps being a typical number.
Though his best-known works were mostly statues in the round, he developed a new, very shallow, type of bas-relief for small works, and a good deal of his output was larger architectural reliefs.
Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material.