The Dominican Republic is a sovereign state occupying the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralised government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.
Hispaniola is the 22nd-largest island in the world, located in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.
Dominican Republic Documentary by losgranos
The western one-third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two countries.
Saint Martin is an island in the northeast Caribbean, approximately 300 km east of Puerto Rico.
Haiti & The Dominican Republic: An Island Divided by READ365
The Dominican Republic is the second-largest Caribbean nation by area at 48,445 square kilometres, and 3rd by population with 10.08 million people, of which approximately three million live in the metropolitan area of Santo Domingo, the capital city.
Christopher Columbus landed on the Western part of Hispaniola, in what is now Haiti, on December 6, 1492, which the Taíno people had inhabited since the 7th century.
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer, and citizen of the Republic of Genoa.
The island became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas; and the oldest continuously inhabited city and the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World.
The Americas, also collectively called America, encompass the totality of the continents of North America and South America.
The New World is one of the names used for the Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas.
Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
After more than three hundred years of Spanish rule the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821.
The leader of the independence movement José Núñez de Cáceres, intended to unite with the country of Gran Colombia.
Gran Colombia is a name used today for the state that encompassed much of northern South America and part of southern Central America from 1819 to 1831.
José Núñez de Cáceres y Albor was a Dominican politician and writer.
However, the newly independent Dominicans were forcefully annexed by their more powerful neighbor Haiti in February 1822.
After the 1844 victory in the Dominican War of Independence against Haitian rule the country fell again under Spanish colonial rule.
Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.
An official is someone who holds an office in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority.
The crown was ousted permanently during the Dominican War of Restoration of 1865.
The Dominican Republic experienced mostly internal strife until 1916.
A United States occupation lasted eight years between 1916 and 1924, and a subsequent calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez Lajara was followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina until 1961.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A civil war in 1965, the country's last, was ended by another U.S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966–1978.
Joaquín Antonio Balaguer Ricardo was the President of the Dominican Republic who served three non-consecutive terms for that office for his first term from 1960 to 1962, again for a second term from 1966 to 1978, and again for a third and final term from 1986 to 1996.
Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time since 1996.
Representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna is a Dominican lawyer, academic, and was President of the Dominican Republic from 1996 to 2000 and from 2004 to 2012.
Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republic's current president, succeeded Fernandez in 2012, winning 51% of the electoral vote over his opponent ex-president Hipólito Mejía.
The Dominican Republic has the ninth-largest economy in Latin America and is the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region.
Though long known for agriculture and mining, the economy is now dominated by services.
Over the last two decades, the Dominican Republic have been standing out as one of the fastest-growing economies in the Americas - with an average real GDP growth rate of 5.4% between 1992 and 2014.
GDP growth in 2014 and 2015 reached 7.3 and 7.0%, respectively, the highest in the Western Hemisphere.
In the first half of 2016 the Dominican economy grew 7.4% continuing its trend of rapid economic growth.
Economic Growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.