Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine


Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.

A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

A physician or medical doctor or just doctor is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine with Dr. Ryun Lee by MedStar Health


A DO graduate may become licensed as an osteopathic physician, having equivalent rights, privileges, and responsibilities as a physician who has earned the Doctor of Medicine degree.

MD, Md, mD or md may stand for:

M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) VS D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) by Buck Parker, M.D.


DO physicians are licensed to practice the full scope of medicine and surgery in 65 countries, and in all 50 US states.

Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.


They constitute 11% of all US physicians.


As of 2018, there were more than 145,000 osteopathic medical physicians and osteopathic medical students in the United States.


DO degrees are offered in the United States at 35 medical schools, at 55 locations compared to MD degrees offered at 141 schools.


Since 2007, total DO student enrollment has been increasing yearly.


In 2015, more than 20% of all medical school enrollment in the US comprised DO students.


The curricula at osteopathic medical schools are similar to those at MD-granting medical schools, which focus the first two years on the biomedical and clinical sciences, then two years on core clinical training in the clinical specialties.

Biomedical research is in general simply known as medical research.


Upon completing medical school, a DO graduate may enter an internship or residency training program, which may be followed by fellowship training.


Some DO graduates attend the same graduate medical education programs as their MD counterparts, and then take MD specialty board exams, while other DO graduates enter osteopathic programs, and take DO specialty board examinations.

Graduate Medical Education refers to any type of formal medical education, usually hospital-sponsored or hospital-based training, pursued after receipt of the M.D. or D.O. degree in the United States This education includes internship, residency, subspecialty and fellowship programs, and leads to state licensure and board certification.


One notable difference between DO and MD training is that DO training adds 300–500 hours studying techniques for hands-on manipulation of the human musculoskeletal system, a system shared with chiropractic medicine.

Chiropractic is a discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.

The human musculoskeletal system is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.

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