Dmitry Medvedev


Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is a Russian politician who is the current Prime Minister.

A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.

Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a federal state in Eurasia.

Dmitry Medvedev on Russian corruption, Khodorkovsky & 2012 by RT


From 2008 to 2012, Medvedev served as the third President of Russia.

The President of the Russian Federation is the head of state, Supreme Commander-in-Chief and holder of the highest office within the Russian Federation.

A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.

euronews - interview - Dmitry Medvedev by euronews (in English)


Born to a family of academics, Medvedev graduated from the Leningrad State University Law Department in 1987.

Saint Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with five million inhabitants in 2012, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.

Saint Petersburg State University is a Russian federal state-owned higher education institution based in Saint Petersburg.


Medvedev defended his dissertation in 1990, and worked as a docent at his alma mater, now renamed the Saint Petersburg State University, where he taught Civil and Roman Law until 1999.

Docent is a title at some European universities to denote a specific academic appointment within a set structure of academic ranks below the full professor rank.


Medvedev's political career began as the Election Campaign Manager, and later as an adviser of the St. Petersburg Mayor, Anatoly Sobchak.

Anatoly Aleksandrovich Sobchak was a Russian politician, a co-author of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the first democratically elected mayor of Saint Petersburg, and a mentor and teacher of both Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev.


During this time, Medvedev befriended Vladimir Putin.


In November 1999, Medvedev was hired by the Russian Presidential Administration, where he worked as the Deputy Chief of Staff.


In the 2000 Russian Presidential Elections, Medvedev was Putin's Campaign Manager.


On 14 November 2005, Medvedev was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister, and was tasked with overseeing National Priority Projects.

A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent.

The National Priority Projects of the Russian Federation is a program of the Russian government set out by Russian President Vladimir Putin in his speech on September 5, 2005.


Medvedev worked as the Chairman of Gazprom's Board of Directors, a post that he held until 2008.

Public Joint Stock Company Gazprom is a large Russian company founded in 1989, which carries on the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas.


On 10 December 2007, Medvedev was informally endorsed as a candidate for the forthcoming presidential elections by four political parties: United Russia, Fair Russia, Agrarian Party of Russia, and Civilian Power, and was officially endorsed by the United Russia Party on 17 December 2007.

A Just Russia also translated as Fair Russia, or A Fair and Just Russia, is a social democratic political party in Russia currently holding 23 of the 450 seats in the State Duma.


Medvedev's candidacy was backed by the popular outgoing President, Vladimir Putin, thus giving a significant boost to his popularity.

In sociology, the popularity of a person, idea, item or other concept can be defined in terms of liking, attraction, dominance and superiority.


The 2008 Presidential election, held on 2 March 2008, was won by Medvedev with 70.28% of the popular vote, and he was inaugurated on 7 May 2008.


Medvedev did not run for a second term as President, and therefore was appointed Prime Minister by President Vladimir Putin, who won the 2012 Presidential election.


On 26 May 2012, Medvedev was appointed to be the Leader of United Russia Party.


Regarded as more liberal than his predecessor, Medvedev's top agenda as President was a wide-ranging modernisation programme, aiming at modernising Russia's economy and society, and lessening the country's reliance on oil and gas.

Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies.


During Medvedev's tenure, Russia emerged victorious in the Russo-Georgian War, and recovered from the Great Recession.

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia, Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.


Recognising corruption as a most severe problem in Russia, Medvedev launched an anti-corruption campaign, and initiated a substantial law enforcement reform.


In foreign policy, Medvedev's primary achievements include the signing of the New START treaty, a "reset" of Russia–United States relations, that were severely strained following Russia's war with Georgia, as well as increasing Russia's cooperation with the BRICS-countries, and gaining Russia's admission into the World Trade Organization in 2011.

New START is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms.

Russia–United States relations is the bilateral relationship between the United States and the Russian Federation, the successor state to the Soviet Union.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country in the Americas.

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