Disfranchisement is the revocation of the right of suffrage of a person or group of people, or through practices, prevention of a person exercising the right to vote.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections.
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Disfranchisement is also termed to the revocation of power or control of a particular individual, community or being to the natural amenity they are abound in; that is to deprive of a franchise, of a legal right, of some privilege or inherent immunity.
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Disfranchisement may be accomplished explicitly by law or implicitly through requirements applied in a discriminatory fashion, intimidation, or by placing unreasonable requirements on voters for registration or voting.