Deconstruction is a name commonly associated with philosopher Jacques Derrida's critical outlook over the relationship between text and meaning.

Jacques Derrida was a French philosopher, born in Algeria.

What is Deconstruction? by Tim Nance


Derrida's approach consists in conducting readings of texts with an ear to what runs counter to the structural unity or intended sense of a particular text.

What Actually Is A Deconstruction? by Under The Scope Reviews


The purpose is to expose that the object of language and what upon which any text is founded is irreducibly complex, unstable, or impossible.


Throughout his readings, Derrida hoped to show deconstruction at work, i.e., the ways that this originary complexity—which by definition cannot ever be completely known—works its structuring and destructuring effects.


Many debates in continental philosophy surrounding ontology, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, hermeneutics, and philosophy of language refer to Derrida's observations.

Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.

Ontology is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence or reality as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.

Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.


In the 1980s, they inspired a range of theoretical entreprises in the humanities in the United States, including in law anthropology, historiography, linguistics, sociolinguistics, psychoanalysis, feminism, and LGBT studies.

Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it.

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, specifically of language form, language meaning, and language in context.


Deconstruction also inspired deconstructivism in architecture and remains important within art, music, and literary criticism.

Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture which appeared in the 1980s, which gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building.

Literary criticism is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.

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