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Darwin, Northern Territory

1

Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia.

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

The Northern Territory is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.

Darwin, the Tropical Capital of Australia's Northern Territory by Northern Territory, Australia’s Outback

2

Situated on the Timor Sea, Darwin is the largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory, with a population of 142,300.

The Timor Sea is a relatively shallow sea bounded to the north by the island of Timor, to the east by the Arafura Sea, to the west of Australia.

Travel Guide to Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia by Northern Territory, Australia’s Outback

3

It is the smallest and most northerly of the Australian capital cities, and acts as the Top End's regional centre.

The Top End of Australia's Northern Territory is a geographical region encompassing the northernmost section of the Northern Territory, which aside from the Cape York Peninsula is the northernmost part of the Australian continent.

4

Darwin's proximity to South East Asia makes it a link between Australia and countries such as Indonesia and East Timor.

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania.

East Timor or Timor-Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.

5

The Stuart Highway begins in Darwin, ending at Port Augusta in South Australia.

South is a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography.

6

The city itself is built on a low bluff overlooking the harbour.

7

Its suburbs spread out over some area, beginning at Lee Point in the north and stretching to Berrimah in the east.

8

Past Berrimah, the Stuart Highway goes on to Darwin's satellite city, Palmerston, and its suburbs.

A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.

9

The Darwin region, like the rest of the Top End, has a tropical climate, with a wet and a dry season.

The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.

Dry or dryness denotes a lack of water.

10

Prone to cyclone activity during the wet season, Darwin experiences heavy monsoonal downpours and spectacular lightning shows.

Wet is the condition of containing liquid or being covered in liquid.

11

During the dry season, the city is met with blue skies and gentle sea breezes from the harbour.

12

The greater Darwin area is the ancestral home of the Larrakia people.

Larrakia are the Aboriginal traditional owners of Larrakia country which includes the area in and around Darwin, Northern Territory in Australia.

13

On 9 September 1839, HMS Beagle sailed into Darwin harbour during its surveying of the area.

14

John Clements Wickham named the region "Port Darwin" in honour of their former shipmate Charles Darwin, who had sailed with them on the ship's previous voyage which had ended in October 1836.

Charles Robert Darwin, FRS FRGS FLS FZS was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

John Clements Wickham was a Scottish explorer, naval officer, magistrate and administrator.

15

The settlement there became the town of Palmerston in 1869, and was renamed Darwin in 1911.

16

The city has been almost entirely rebuilt four times, following devastation caused by the 1897 cyclone, the 1937 cyclone, Japanese air raids during World War II, and Cyclone Tracy in 1974.

Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974, devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.

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