Dachau concentration camp was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial.
American Army troops entering area of Dachau Concentration ... by CriticalPast
It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory northeast of the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany.
Munich is the capital and largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany by backpackreport
Opened in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded.
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel, and a leading member of the Nazi Party of Nazi Germany.
The Dachau camp system grew to include nearly 100 sub-camps, which were mostly work camps or "Arbeitskommandos," and were located throughout southern Germany and Austria.
The camps were liberated by U.S. forces on 29 April 1945.
Prisoners lived in constant fear of brutal treatment and terror detention including standing cells, floggings, the so-called tree or pole hanging, and standing at attention for extremely long periods.
A standing cell is a special cell constructed so as to prevent the prisoner from doing anything but stand.
There were 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands that are undocumented.
Approximately 10,000 of the 30,000 prisoners were sick at the time of liberation.
In the postwar years the Dachau facility served to hold SS soldiers awaiting trial.
The Schutzstaffel was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party in Nazi Germany.
After 1948, it held ethnic Germans who had been expelled from eastern Europe and were awaiting resettlement, and also was used for a time as a United States military base during the occupation.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
It was finally closed for use in 1960.
There are several religious memorials within the Memorial Site, which is open to the public.