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19 Facts About Coretta Scott King

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Coretta Scott King was an American author, activist, civil rights leader, and the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. from 1953 until his death in 1968.

Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement.

Coretta Scott King: My Childhood as a Tomboy / Growing ... by visionaryproject

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Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.

Coretta Scott King Eulogy by Richard H.

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King was an active advocate for African-American equality.

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King met her husband while in college, and their participation escalated until they became central to the movement.

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In her early life, Coretta was an accomplished singer, and she often incorporated music into her civil rights work.

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6

King played a prominent role in the years after her husband's 1968 assassination when she took on the leadership of the struggle for racial equality herself and became active in the Women's Movement and the LGBT rights movement.

Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people vary greatly by country or territory—everything from legal recognition of same-sex marriage or other types of partnerships, to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.

LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

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7

King founded the King Center and sought to make his birthday a national holiday.

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King finally succeeded when Ronald Reagan signed legislation which established Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is an American federal holiday marking the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, which is around King's birthday, January 15.

Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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She later broadened her scope to include both opposition to apartheid and advocacy for LGBT rights.

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991, when it was abolished.

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10

King became friends with many politicians before and after Martin Luther King's death, most notably John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Robert F. Kennedy.

Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy, from 1961 to 1963.

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.

Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy, commonly known by his initials RFK, was an American politician from Massachusetts.

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11

John F. Kennedy's phone call to her during the 1960 election was what she liked to believe was behind his victory.

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12

In August 2005, King suffered a stroke and was left paralyzed on her right side and unable to speak.

Stroke is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.

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Five months later, she died of respiratory failure due to complications from ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in an ovary.

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King's funeral was attended by four of five living U.S. Presidents and by over 10,000 people.

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She was temporarily buried on the grounds of the King Center, until she was interred next to her husband.

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King was honored for her activism in promoting human rights.

Human rights are moral principles or norms, which describe certain standards of human behaviour, and are regularly protected as legal rights in municipal and international law.

Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, and/or environmental reform or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society.

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King was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 2009.

The Alabama Women's Hall of Fame honors the achievements of women associated with the U.S. state of Alabama.

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She was the first African-American to lie in State in the Georgia State Capitol upon her death.

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King has been referred to as "First Lady of the Civil Rights Movement."

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