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Columbia University

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Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States.

The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.

Upper Manhattan denotes the most northern region of the New York City Borough of Manhattan.

Columbia University: An Introduction by Columbia

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It was established in 1754 as King's College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain.

George II was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death.

A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.

Columbia University in the City of New York: "A Doubled Magic" by Columbia

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Columbia is the oldest college in the state of New York and the fifth chartered institution of higher learning in the country, making it one of nine colonial colleges founded before the Declaration of Independence.

Higher education, post-secondary education, or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.

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After the American Revolutionary War, King's College briefly became a state entity, and was renamed Columbia College in 1784.

The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence and the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies, which had declared themselves the independent United States of America.

The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.

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A 1787 charter placed the institution under a private board of trustees before it was renamed Columbia University in 1896 when the campus was moved from Madison Avenue to its current location in Morningside Heights occupying 32 acres of land.

Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States, that carries northbound one-way traffic.

Morningside Heights is a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, on the border of the Upper West Side and Manhattanville.

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Columbia is one of the fourteen founding members of the Association of American Universities, and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree.

The Association of American Universities is an international organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.

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The university is organized into twenty schools, including Columbia College, the School of Engineering and Applied Science, and the School of General Studies.

The School of General Studies is a highly selective liberal arts college and one of three official undergraduate colleges at Columbia University, situated on the university's main campus in Morningside Heights, New York.

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The university also has global research outposts in Amman, Beijing, Istanbul, Paris, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, Asunción and Nairobi.

Istanbul, historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.

Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.

Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.

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It has affiliations with several other institutions nearby, including Teachers College, Barnard College, and Union Theological Seminary, with joint undergraduate programs available through the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, University College London, Sciences Po, City University of Hong Kong, and the Juilliard School.

Juilliard School located in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is a performing arts conservatory established in 1905.

University College London is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

Sciences Po, or Paris Institute of Political Studies, is a selective university located in Paris, France.

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Columbia administers annually the Pulitzer Prize.

The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.

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Notable alumni and former students include five Founding Fathers of the United States; nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court; 20 living billionaires; 29 Academy Award winners; and 29 heads of state, including three United States Presidents.

The Academy Awards, or "Oscars", is an annual American awards ceremony hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements in the United States film industry as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.

The Founding Fathers of the United States are the individuals of the Thirteen British Colonies in North America who led the American Revolution against the authority of the British Crown and established the United States of America.

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Additionally, 100 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Columbia as students, researchers, faculty, or staff.

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Columbia is second only to Harvard University in the number of Pulitzer Prize-winning alumni and affiliated Nobel Prize winners, with over 100 recipients for both awards as of 2016.

Harvard University is a private, Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636, whose history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

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