the Colombian Peace Process


The Colombian peace process refers to the peace process between the Colombian government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People's Army to bring an end to the Colombian conflict.

The Colombian Conflict began in the mid-1960s and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between Colombian governments, paramilitary groups, and crime syndicates, and left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, and the National Liberation Army, fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory.

Juan Manuel Santos Calderón is the 32nd and current President of Colombia and sole recipient of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize.


Negotiations began in September 2012, and mainly took place in Havana, Cuba.

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a unitary sovereign state comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba.


Negotiators announced a final agreement to end the conflict and build a lasting peace on August 24, 2016 with a referendum that was taken place on October 2, 2016 which was unsuccessful after 50.21% of voters voted against the referendum although 49.79% voted in favor.

A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal.


The Colombian government and the FARC on November 24 signed a revised peace deal and the revised agreement will be submitted to Congress for approval.

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army is a guerrilla movement involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict since 1964.

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