The history of basketball is traced back to a YMCA International Training School, known today as Springfield College, located in Springfield, Massachusetts.
The Young Men's Christian Association is a worldwide organisation based in Geneva, Switzerland, with more than 57 million beneficiaries from 125 national associations.
Springfield is a city in western New England, and the seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States.
Basketball is a sport, generally played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court.
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The sport was created by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who in the winter of 1891 was given the task of creating a game that would keep track athletes in shape and that would prevent them from getting hurt a lot.
James Naismith was a Canadian-American physical educator, physician, chaplain, sports coach and innovator.
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The date of the first formal basketball game played at the Springfield YMCA Training School under Naismith's rules is generally given as December 21, 1891.
College basketball today is governed by collegiate athletic bodies including the United States' National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, and the National Christian College Athletic Association.
The National Christian College Athletic Association is an association of Christian universities, colleges, and Bible colleges in the United States and Canada whose mission is "the promotion and enhancement of intercollegiate athletic competition with a Christian perspective."
The United States Collegiate Athletic Association is a national organization for the intercollegiate athletic programs of 81 mostly small colleges, community colleges and junior colleges, across the United States, stretching from Washington state to Maine.
The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics is an athletic association that organizes college and university-level athletic programs, primarily across the United States but also outside the US.
Governing bodies in Canada include U Sports and the Canadian Collegiate Athletic Association.
U Sports is the national sport governing body of university sport in Canada, comprising the majority of degree-granting universities in the country.
Each of these various organizations are subdivided into from one to three divisions based on the number and level of scholarships that may be provided to the athletes.