9 Facts About Collard Greens


Collard greens are various loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the species which also contains vegetables including cabbage and broccoli.

Brassica oleracea is the species of plant that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, kohlrabi and kai-lan.

Cabbage or headed cabbage is a leafy green or purple biennial plant, grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads.

A cultivar is a plant or grouping of plants selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by propagation.

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Collard greens are part of the Acephala Group of the species, which includes kale and spring greens.

Spring greens are a cultivar of Brassica oleracea in the cultivar Acephala Group, similar to kale, in which the central leaves do not form a head or form only a very loose one.

The acephala group refers to any type of Brassica which grows without the central 'head' typical of many varieties of cabbage.

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The plants are grown for their large, dark-colored, edible leaves and as a garden ornamental, mainly in Brazil, Portugal, the southern United States, many parts of Africa, the Balkans, northern Spain and in northern India.

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, and several small territories on and near the North African coast.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

The Balkan Peninsula, or the Balkans, is a peninsula and a cultural area in Southeast Europe with different and disputed borders.


They are classified in the same cultivar group as kale and spring greens, to which they are genetically similar.


The name "collard" is a corrupted form of the word "colewort".


The plant is also called "couve galega" in Portugal, "couve" in Brazil, "couve portuguesa" in Cape Verde, "berza" in Spanish-speaking countries, "col" in Colombia, "raštika" in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and "raštan" in Montenegro and Serbia.

Cape Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.


In Kashmir valley, it is called "haakh".


In Tanzania and Kenya it is more commonly known by its Swahili name, "sukuma wiki", and is often confused with kale.

In Tanzania, Kenya and many parts of East Africa, colewort are more commonly known by their Swahili name, sukuma wiki, and are often referred to as collard greens.


In New Zealand, it is called "dalmatian cabbage".

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