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7 Facts About Civil Society

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Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens".

A society is a group of people involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations.

A non-governmental organization is a not-for-profit organization that is independent from states and international governmental organizations.

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Civil society includes the family and the private sphere, referred to as the "third sector" of society, distinct from government and business.

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By other authors, "civil society" is used in the sense of 1 the aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens or 2 individuals and organizations in a society which are independent of the government.

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Sometimes the term civil society is used in the more general sense of "the elements such as freedom of speech, an independent judiciary, etc, that make up a democratic society" Collins English Dictionary.

The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.

The Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English.

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Especially in the discussions among thinkers of Eastern and Central Europe, civil society is seen also as a concept of civic values.

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One widely known representative of this concept is the Polish former dissident Adam Michnik.

Adam Michnik is a Polish historian, essayist, former dissident, public intellectual, and editor-in-chief of the Polish newspaper, Gazeta Wyborcza.

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Institutions composing civil society may be for-profit or not-for-profit.

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