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9 Facts About Chronic Conditions

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A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.

A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.

Health is the level of functional and metabolic efficiency of a living organism.

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The term chronic is often applied when the course of the disease lasts for more than three months.

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Common chronic diseases include arthritis, asthma, cancer, COPD, diabetes and viral diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS.

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.

A viral disease occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus particles attach to and enter susceptible cells.

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In medicine, the opposite of chronic is acute.

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

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A chronic course is further distinguished from a recurrent course; recurrent diseases relapse repeatedly, with periods of remission in between.

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The non-communicable diseases are also usually lasting medical conditions but are separated by their non-infectious causes.

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In contrast, some chronic diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, are caused by transmissible infections.

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In the United States 25% of adults have at least two chronic conditions.

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Chronic diseases constitute a major cause of mortality, with the World Health Organization attributing 38 million deaths a year to non-communicable diseases.

The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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