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Chemical Burn

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A chemical burn occurs when living tissue is exposed to a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or base.

An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron, or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair.

A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.

A corrosive substance is one that will destroy and damage other substances with which it comes into contact.

First Aid : How to Treat a Chemical Burn by ehowhealth

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Chemical burns follow standard burn classification and may cause extensive tissue damage.

A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.

Fake Jeffree Star &ABH Liquid Lipsticks Causing Chemical Burn?! by Karina Kaboom

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The main types of irritant and reducing agents, solvents, and alkylants.

A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solute, resulting in a solution.

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Additionally, chemical burns can be caused by some types of chemical weapons, e.g., vesicants such as mustard gas and Lewisite, or urticants such as phosgene oxime.

Nettle agents or urticants are a variety of chemical warfare agent that produces corrosive skin and tissue injury upon contact, resulting in erythema, urticaria, intense itching, and a hive-like rash.

Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is a cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agent with the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.

A blister agent, or vesicant, is a chemical compound that causes severe skin, eye and mucosal pain and irritation.

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Chemical burns may:

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need no source of heat,

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occur immediately on contact,

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not be immediately evident or noticeable,

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be extremely painful,

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diffuse into tissue and damage structures under skin without immediately apparent damage to skin surface.

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