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Charlottesville, Virginia

1

Charlottesville, colloquially C'ville and formally the City of Charlottesville, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Officer arrested for forced sodomy, Charlottesville, Virginia by PoliceCrime

2

As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,210.

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.

Welcome to Charlottesville by University of Virginia School of Law

3

It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities.

A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations.

4

This means a Charlottesville resident will list the City of Charlottesville as both their county and city on official paperwork.

5

Charlottesville has eighteen distinctive neighborhoods.

6

It is named after the British Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was by marriage to King George III the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland from her wedding in 1761 until the union of the two kingdoms in 1801, after which she was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until her death in 1818.

7

The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the City of Charlottesville with the County of Albemarle for statistical purposes, bringing its steadily growing population to approximately 150,000.

The Bureau of Economic Analysis is a U.S. government agency that provides official macroeconomic and industry statistics, most notably reports about the gross domestic product of the United States.

8

Charlottesville is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area, which includes Albemarle, Fluvanna, Greene and Nelson counties.

The Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area is a Metropolitan Statistical Area in Virginia as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget.

9

Charlottesville was the home of two Presidents, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe.

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States from 1801 to 1809.

James Monroe was an American statesman who served from 1817 to 1825 as the fifth President of the United States.

10

While both served as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville, and traveled to and from Richmond, along the 71-mile historic Three Notch'd Road.

The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term.

Three Notch'd Road was a colonial-era major east-west route across central Virginia.

11

Orange, located 26 miles northeast of the city, was the hometown of President James Madison.

James Madison Jr. was a political theorist, American statesman, and the fourth President of the United States.

12

The University of Virginia, founded by Thomas Jefferson and one of the original Public Ivies, straddles the city's southwestern border with Albemarle.

"Public Ivy" is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities to refer to US universities that are claimed to provide an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price.

The University of Virginia, frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.

13

Monticello, located 3 miles southeast of the city, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Monticello was the primary plantation of Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, who began designing and building Monticello at age 26 after inheriting land from his father.

A World Heritage Site is a landmark which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris.

14

Located on a hilltop overlooking Charlottesville, Monticello attracts thousands of tourists every year.

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