Cesar Chavez was an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962.
A trade union, also called a labour union or labor union, is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals, such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits, and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
Dolores Clara Fernández Huerta is an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Cesar Chavez, is a co-founder of the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Julio Cesar Chavez - Defense Highlights by haNZAgod
Originally a Mexican American farm worker, Chavez became the best known Latino American civil rights activist, and was strongly promoted by the American labor movement, which was eager to enroll Hispanic members.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula.
Mexican Americans are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.
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His public-relations approach to unionism and aggressive but nonviolent tactics made the farm workers' struggle a moral cause with nationwide support.
By the late 1970s, his tactics had forced growers to recognize the UFW as the bargaining agent for 50,000 field workers in California and Florida.
During his lifetime, Colegio Cesar Chavez was one of the few institutions named in his honor, but after his death he became a major historical icon for the Latino community, with many schools, streets, and parks being named after him.
He has since become an icon for organized labor and leftist politics, symbolizing support for workers and for Hispanic empowerment based on grass roots organizing.
He is also famous for popularizing the slogan "Sí, se puede", which was adopted as the 2008 campaign slogan of Barack Obama.
"Sí, se puede" is the motto of the United Farm Workers of America, and has since been taken up by other activist groups.
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American politician who is the 44th and current President of the United States.
Although the UFW faltered a few years after Chavez died in 1993, his work led to numerous improvements for union laborers.
He has since become an iconic "folk saint" in the pantheon of Mexican Americans.
His birthday, March 31, is a federal commemorative holiday observed by several states in the US.
He received many honors and accolades, while still living and after his death, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.