Cardiac Surgery


Cardiovascular surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons.

Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

Great vessels is a term used to refer collectively to the large vessels that bring blood to and from the heart.

Cardiac Surgery by Fuad Jindan


Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease, correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease from various causes including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a specific form of arteriosclerosis in which an artery-wall thickens as a result of invasion and accumulation of white blood cells and proliferation of intimal-smooth-muscle cell creating a fibrofatty plaque.

Coronary artery disease, also known as ischemic heart disease, is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.

Congenital heart defect, also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.

The Cardiac Surgery Advanced Life Support Course by Joel Dunning


It also includes heart transplantation.

A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.

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