Cannabis is a genus of flowering plant that includes three species or subspecies, sativa, indica, and ruderalis.
The flowering plants, also known as Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approx. 13,164 known genera and a total of ca 295,383 known species.
In biological classification, subspecies is either a taxonomic rank subordinate to species, or a taxonomic unit in that rank.
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms in biology.
Life of a cannabis farmer by The Columbian
The plant is indigenous to central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
Central Asia or Middle Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
In biogeography, a species is defined as indigenous to a given region or ecosystem if its presence in that region is the result of only natural process, with no human intervention.
The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
Kings of Cannabis (Full Length Documentary) by VICE
Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, for hemp oils, for medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug.
Hemp or industrial hemp, typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, can refer to the use of cannabis and its cannabinoids to treat disease or improve symptoms; however, there is no single agreed upon definition.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a preparation of the Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug or medicine.
Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber.
Selective breeding is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.
To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol, the principal psychoactive constituent.
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 is an international treaty to prohibit production and supply of specific drugs and of drugs with similar effects except under licence for specific purposes, such as medical treatment and research.
A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, or consciousness.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or more precisely its main isomer -trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis.
Many plants have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC, which is obtained by curing the flowers.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in plants that are floral.
Various compounds, including hashish and hash oil, are extracted from the plant.
Hashish, or hash, is an extracted product composed of compressed or purified preparations of stalked resin glands, called trichomes, from the cannabis plant.
Hash oil is an oleoresin obtained by the extraction of marijuana and/or hashish.
Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally.
The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country.
In 2013 between 128 and 232 million people are thought to have used cannabis as a recreational drug.