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14 Facts About Buckingham Palace

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Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom.

Inside Buckingham Palace: Royal Secrets (Full Episode) by Smithsonian Channel

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Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality.

The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.

They're arming the guards at Buckingham Palace by CBC News

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It has been a focal point for the British people at times of national rejoicing and mourning.

British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown dependencies, and their descendants.

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Originally known as Buckingham House, the building at the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 on a site that had been in private ownership for at least 150 years.

A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.

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It was acquired by King George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte and became known as The Queen's House.

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During the 19th century it was enlarged, principally by architects John Nash and Edward Blore, who constructed three wings around a central courtyard.

Edward Blore was a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary.

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Buckingham Palace became the London residence of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837.

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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The last major structural additions were made in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including the East front, which contains the well-known balcony on which the royal family traditionally congregates to greet crowds.

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The palace chapel was destroyed by a German bomb during World War II; the Queen's Gallery was built on the site and opened to the public in 1962 to exhibit works of art from the Royal Collection.

The Royal Collection is the art collection of the British Royal Family and the largest private art collection in the world.

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The original early 19th-century interior designs, many of which survive, include widespread use of brightly coloured scagliola and blue and pink lapis, on the advice of Sir Charles Long.

Scagliola, is a technique for producing stucco columns, sculptures, and other architectural elements that resemble inlays in marble and semi-precious stones.

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King Edward VII oversaw a partial redecoration in a Belle Époque cream and gold colour scheme.

Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.

The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque was a period of Western European history.

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Many smaller reception rooms are furnished in the Chinese regency style with furniture and fittings brought from the Royal Pavilion at Brighton and from Carlton House.

The Royal Pavilion, also known as the Brighton Pavilion, is a former royal residence located in Brighton, England.

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The palace has 775 rooms, and the garden is the largest private garden in London.

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The state rooms, used for official and state entertaining, are open to the public each year for most of August and September and on some days in winter and spring.

A state room in a large European mansion is usually one of a suite of very grand rooms which were designed to impress.

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