Boris Yefimovich Nemtsov was a Russian physicist, statesman and liberal politician.
The Assassination of Boris Nemtsov: Kremlin's Biggest Critic by VICE News
Nemtsov was one of the most important figures in the introduction of capitalism into the Russian post-Soviet economy.
Boris Nemtsov Killed: Cameras Capture Possible Getaway by ABC News
He had a successful political career in the 1990s under President Boris Yeltsin, and since 2000 had been an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician who is the current President of the Russian Federation, holding the office since 7 May 2012.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Nemtsov was assassinated on 27 February 2015 on a bridge near the Kremlin and Red Square in Moscow.
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.
He was shot four times from the back.
Nemtsov's conflict with Vladimir Putin's government, based on Nemtsov's criticism of what he perceived as an increasingly authoritarian, undemocratic regime, was centered more recently on the widespread embezzlement and profiteering ahead of the Sochi Olympics, as well as on Russian political interference and military involvement in Ukraine.
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Sochi 2014, were a major international multi-sport event held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.
Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
Since 2008, Nemtsov had been regularly publishing in-depth reports detailing the corruption under Putin, which he connected directly with the person of the President.
As part of the same political struggle, Nemtsov was an active organizer of and participant in Dissenters' Marches, Strategy-31 civil actions and rallies "For Fair Elections".
The Dissenters' March was a series of Russian opposition protests that took place on December 16, 2006 in Moscow, on March 3, 2007 in Saint Petersburg, on March 24 in Nizhny Novgorod, on April 14 for the second time in Moscow, on April 15 again in Saint Petersburg, on May 18 in Samara, and on May 19 in Chelyabinsk.
Strategy-31 is a series of civic protests in support of the right to peaceful assembly in Russia guaranteed by Article 31 of the Russian Constitution.
In the weeks before his death, Nemtsov expressed fear that Russian President Vladimir Putin would have him killed.
At the time of the assassination, Nemtsov was in Moscow helping to organise a rally against the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the Russian financial crisis.
At the same time, Nemtsov was working on a report demonstrating that Russian troops were fighting alongside pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine, which the Kremlin had been denying.
An open involvement would damage Putin's government not just externally, but also within Russia, where such policy has been shown by opinion polls to be highly unpopular.
At the time of his death, Nemtsov held the following political positions: elected member of the regional parliament of Yaroslavl Oblast since 2013, and since 2012, co-chair of the RPR-PARNAS, which is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats, a Pan-European political party; he was one of the leaders of the Solidarnost opposition movement.
Solidarnost is a Russian liberal democratic political movement founded on 13 December 2008 by a number of well-known members of the liberal democratic opposition, including Garry Kasparov, Boris Nemtsov and others from the Yabloko and Union of Right Forces parties, leaders of the Dissenters March events, the Committee 2008, the People's Democratic Union, the United Civil Front, The Other Russia and other politicians and political groups.
Yaroslavl Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, which is located in the Central Federal District, surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts.
Solidarity is unity which produces or is based on unities of interests, objectives, standards, and sympathies.
Previously, Nemtsov had held the following political positions: Nemtsov was the first governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District in Russia.
Later he worked in the Government of Russia as Minister of fuel and energy, Vice Premier of Russia and Security Council member from 1997 to 1998.
In 1998, he founded the Young Russia movement.
In 1998, he co-founded the coalition group Right Cause and in 1999, he co-formed Union of Right Forces, an electoral bloc and subsequently a political party.
The Union of Right Forces political party, or SPS, is a Russia political public organization and former party, initially founded as an electoral bloc in 1999 and associated with free market reforms, privatization, and the legacy of the "young reformers" of the 1990s: Anatoly Chubais, Boris Nemtsov, and Yegor Gaidar.
He was elected several times as a member of the Russian parliament.
The Federal Assembly is the national legislature of the Russian Federation, according to the Constitution of Russian Federation.
Nemtsov was also a member of the Congress of People's Deputies, Federation Council and State Duma.
The State Duma in the Russian Federation is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia, the upper house being the Federation Council of Russia.
He also served as Vice Speaker of the State Duma and the leader of parliamentary group Union of Right Forces.