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Boris Johnson

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Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson PC MP, known as Boris Johnson, is a British politician, popular historian, author, and journalist.

Boris Johnson & John Kerry Press Conference 7/19/16 by LesGrossman News

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He has been Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since July 2016 and has served as the Member of Parliament for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015.

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, often informally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Boris Johnson and John Kerry Face US State Department ... by Sky News

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He had previously served as MP for Henley from 2001 until 2008 and as Mayor of London from 2008 until 2016.

The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London.

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A member of the Conservative Party, Johnson identifies as a One-Nation Conservative and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

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Born in New York City to wealthy upper-middle class English parents, Johnson was educated at the European School of Brussels, Ashdown House School, and Eton College.

Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels which is the capital of Belgium.

The upper middle class is a sociological concept referring to the social group constituted by higher status members of the middle class.

The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.

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He studied Classics at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was elected president of the Oxford Union in 1986.

The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.

Balliol College, founded in 1263, is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.

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Beginning his career in journalism at The Times, he later became The Daily Telegraph's Brussels correspondent, with his articles exerting a strong influence on growing Eurosceptic sentiment among the British right-wing.

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a National British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

The Telegraph or The Daily Telegraph is a common periodical name, and may refer to:

The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London, England.

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He was assistant editor from 1994 to 1999 before taking the editorship of The Spectator from 1999 to 2005.

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Joining the Conservatives, he was elected MP for Henley in 2001, and under Conservative leaders Michael Howard and David Cameron he served in the Shadow Cabinet.

Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, CH, PC, QC is a British politician who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005.

David William Donald Cameron, PC is a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 2010 to July 2016.

The Shadow Cabinet is a feature of the Westminster system of government.

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Mostly adhering to the Conservative party line, he nevertheless adopted a more socially liberal stance on issues like LGBT rights in parliamentary votes.

Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people vary greatly by country or territory—everything from legal recognition of same-sex marriage or other types of partnerships, to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.

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Making regular television appearances, writing books, and remaining active in journalism, Johnson became one of the most conspicuous politicians in Britain.

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Selected as Conservative candidate for the London mayoral election of 2008, Johnson defeated Labour incumbent Ken Livingstone and resigned his seat in parliament.

Kenneth Robert "Ken" Livingstone is an English politician who served as the Leader of the Greater London Council from 1981 until the council was abolished in 1986, and as Mayor of London from the creation of the office in 2000 until 2008.

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During his first term as mayor, he banned alcohol consumption on public transport, championed London's financial sector, and introduced the New Routemaster buses, cycle hire scheme, and Thames cable-car.

The New Routemaster, originally referred to as the New Bus for London and popularly known as the Boris Bus or Borismaster is a hybrid diesel-electric double-decker bus operated in London.

Thame is a market town and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about 9 miles east of the city of Oxford and 7 miles southwest of the Buckinghamshire town of Aylesbury.

The AEC Routemaster is a front-engined double-decker bus designed by London Transport and built by the Associated Equipment Company and Park Royal Vehicles.

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In 2012, he was re-elected mayor, again defeating Livingstone; during his second term he oversaw the 2012 Summer Olympics.

The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was a major international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee.

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In 2015 he was elected MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, stepping down as mayor the following year.

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In 2016, Johnson became a prominent figure in the successful Vote Leave campaign to withdraw the United Kingdom from the European Union.

Vote Leave is the organisation that successfully campaigned for a Leave vote in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016.

The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Johnson is a controversial figure in British politics and journalism.

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Supporters have praised him as an entertaining, humorous, and popular figure with appeal beyond traditional Conservative voters.

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Conversely, he has been criticised by figures on both the left and right, accused of elitism, cronyism and laziness, and using racist language.

Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite—a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality or worth, high intellect, wealth, specialized training or experience, or other distinctive attributes—are those whose influence or authority is greater than that of others; whose views on a matter are to be taken more seriously or carry more weight; whose views or actions are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole; or whose extraordinary skills, abilities, or wisdom render them especially fit to govern.

Cronyism is the practice of partiality in awarding jobs and other advantages to friends or trusted colleagues, especially in politics and between politicians and supportive organizations.

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Johnson is the subject of several biographies and a number of fictionalised portrayals.

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