A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors or board of trustees of a school, local school district or higher administrative level.
A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization, which can include a non-profit organization or a government agency or corporation.
A school district is a form of special-purpose district which serves to operate local public primary and secondary schools, for formal academic or scholastic teaching, in various nations.
The elected council helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, county, state or province.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations.
A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.
A city is a large and permanent human settlement.
It usually shares power with a larger institution, such as the government's department of education.
The name of the board is also often used to refer to the school system under the board's control.
The government department that administered education in the United Kingdom before the foundation of the Ministry of Education was also called the Board of Education.
Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter with each of the countries of the United Kingdom having separate systems under separate governments: the UK Government is directly responsible for England; whilst the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive are responsible for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.