Black Lives Matter is an international activist movement, originating in the African-American community, that campaigns against violence and systemic racism toward black people.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other given populations.
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
Black Lives Matter by Destined Ministries
BLM regularly protests police killings of black people and broader issues of racial profiling, police brutality, and racial inequality in the United States criminal justice system.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
It is one of several forms of police misconduct, which include: false arrest; intimidation; racial profiling; political repression; surveillance abuse; sexual abuse; and police corruption.
Racial profiling is the act of suspecting or targeting a person of a certain race based on a stereotype about their race.
Black Lives Don't Matter To Most Black People by Lenon Honor
In 2013, the movement began with the use of the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter on social media, after the acquittal of George Zimmerman in the shooting death of African-American teen Trayvon Martin.
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that allow individuals, companies, NGOs, governments, and other organizations to view, create and share information, ideas, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.
Trayvon Benjamin Martin was an African American from Miami Gardens, Florida, who, at 17 years old, was fatally shot by George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watch volunteer, in Sanford, Florida.
A hashtag is a type of label or metadata tag used on social network and microblogging services which makes it easier for users to find messages with a specific theme or content.
Black Lives Matter became nationally recognized for its street demonstrations following the 2014 deaths of two African Americans: Michael Brown, resulting in protests and unrest in Ferguson, and Eric Garner in New York City.
The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.
The originators of the hashtag and call to action, Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi, expanded their project into a national network of over 30 local chapters between 2014 and 2016.
Patrisse Cullors is an American artist and activist from Los Angeles, California, an advocate for criminal justice reform in Los Angeles and a co-founder of the Black Lives Matter movement.
Opal Tometi is a New York-based Nigerian–American writer, strategist and community organizer.
Alicia Garza is an American activist and editorial writer who lives in Oakland, California.
The overall Black Lives Matter movement, however, is a decentralized network and has no formal hierarchy.
Since the Ferguson protests, participants in the movement have demonstrated against the deaths of numerous other African Americans by police actions or while in police custody, including those of Jonathan Ferrell, John Crawford, Ezell Ford, Laquan McDonald, Akai Gurley, Tamir Rice, Eric Harris, Walter Scott, Freddie Gray, Sandra Bland, Samuel DuBose, Alton Sterling, and Philando Castile.
On July 19, 2015, in Cincinnati, Ohio, Samuel DuBose, an unarmed black man, was fatally shot by Ray Tensing, a white University of Cincinnati police officer, during a traffic stop for a missing front license plate.
On July 5, 2016, Alton Sterling, a 37-year-old black man, was shot several times at close range while held down on the ground by two white Baton Rouge Police Department officers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
On September 14, 2013, Jonathan Ferrell, a former college football player for the Florida A&M University Rattlers, was shot and killed by police officer Randall Kerrick in Charlotte, North Carolina.
In the summer of 2015, Black Lives Matter activists began publicly challenging politicians, including candidates in the 2016 United States presidential election, to state their positions on BLM issues.
There have been many responses to the Black Lives Matter movement.
The U.S. population's perception of Black Lives Matter varies considerably by race.
The phrase "All Lives Matter" sprang up in response to the Black Lives Matter movement.
However, there have been numerous criticisms of "All Lives Matter."
Following the shooting of two police officers in Ferguson, the hashtag Blue Lives Matter was created by supporters of the police.
BLM has been encouraged to confront intraracial violence in the African American community.