Birmingham, Alabama


Birmingham is a city located in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama.

Birmingham is a major city and metropolitan borough of West Midlands, England.

Magic City Classics 2k18 in Birmingham Al (Part 1) by The Whip Paparazzi


With an estimated 2017 population of 210,710, it is the most populous city in Alabama.

Hoods of Birmingham, Alabama by TheRealStreetz.com


Birmingham is the seat of Jefferson County, Alabama's most populous and fifth largest county.

Jefferson County is the name of 26 counties and one parish in the United States:


As of 2017, the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 1,149,807, making it the most populous in Alabama and 49th-most populous in the United States.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.


Birmingham serves as an important regional hub and is associated with the Deep South, Piedmont, and Appalachian regions of the nation.

Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.

The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.


Birmingham was founded in 1871, during the post-Civil War Reconstruction era, through the merger of three pre-existing farm towns, most notably Elyton.

The term Reconstruction Era, in the context of the history of the United States, has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the American Civil War ; the second sense focuses on the attempted transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, from states with economies dependent upon slavery, to states in which former slaves were citizens with civil rights.


The new city was named for Birmingham, England, the UK's second largest city and, at the time, a major industrial city.


The Alabama city annexed smaller neighbors and developed as an industrial center, based on mining, the new iron and steel industry, and rail transport.

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

The global steel industry has been going through major changes since 1970.


Most of the original settlers who founded Birmingham were of English ancestry.


The city was developed as a place where cheap, non-unionized immigrant labor, along with African-American labor from rural Alabama, could be employed in the city's steel mills and blast furnaces, giving it a competitive advantage over unionized industrial cities in the Midwest and Northeast.

The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau.

A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.


From its founding through the end of the 1960s, Birmingham was a primary industrial center of the southern United States.


Its growth from 1881 through 1920 earned it nicknames such as "The Magic City" and "The Pittsburgh of the South".

Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.


Its major industries were iron and steel production.


Major components of the railroad industry, rails and railroad cars, were manufactured in Birmingham.


Since the 1860s, the two primary hubs of railroading in the "Deep South" have been Birmingham and Atlanta.

Atlanta is the capital of and the most populous city in the U.S. state of Georgia, with an estimated 2016 population of 472,522.


The economy diversified in the latter half of the 20th century.


Banking, telecommunications, transportation, electrical power transmission, medical care, college education, and insurance have become major economic activities.


Birmingham ranks as one of the largest banking centers in the U.S. Also, it is among the most important business centers in the Southeast.

A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.


In higher education, Birmingham has been the location of the University of Alabama School of Medicine and the University of Alabama School of Dentistry since 1947.

The University of Alabama School of Medicine at UAB, or UAB School of Medicine as it is more commonly known, is a public medical school located in Birmingham, Alabama with branch campuses in Huntsville, Montgomery, and at the University of Alabama College of Community Health Sciences in Tuscaloosa.

Higher education, post-secondary education, or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.


In 1969 it gained the University of Alabama at Birmingham, one of three main campuses of the University of Alabama System.

The University of Alabama System coordinates and oversees the University of Alabama's three doctoral research institutions.

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