Bhumibol Adulyadej was the ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri Dynasty as Rama IX. Having reigned since 9 June 1946, he was, at the time of his death, the world's longest-serving head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history, serving for 7009221991840000000♠70 years, 126 days.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Chakri Dynasty is the current ruling royal house of the Kingdom of Thailand, while the Head of the house is the King of Thailand.
Rama or Ramachandra is the seventh avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu.
Perfect King Bhumibol Adulyadej - Segment 2 of 2 by Deva Ananda Deva
In 1957, a military coup overthrew the unpopular government of Field Marshal Plaek Phibulsongkram with allegations of lèse majesté, which is an offense against the dignity of the monarch, punishable under Thai law.
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, locally known as Chomphon Por, contemporarily known as Phibun in the West, was Prime Minister and virtual military dictator of Thailand from 1938 to 1944 and 1948 to 1957.
Lèse-majesté is the crime of violating majesty, an offence against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state.
Perfect King Bhumibol Adulyadej - Segment 1 of 2 by Deva Ananda Deva
This began a new and long-lasting relationship between the monarch and military in governmental matters.
Although Bhumibol did invite public criticism in a 2005 speech, the lèse majesté laws have not been revoked by the Thai parliament.
Forbes estimated Bhumibol's fortune—including property and investments managed by the Crown Property Bureau, a unique body that is neither private nor government-owned—to be US$30 billion in 2010, and he was the head of the magazine's list of the "world's richest royals" from 2008 to 2013.
The Crown Property Bureau is the quasi-government agency responsible for managing the property of the crown of the Kingdom of Thailand.
In May 2014, Bhumibol's wealth was once again listed as US$30 billion.
Officially the assets managed by the CPB are owned by the crown as an institution, not Bhumibol Adulyadej as an individual.
After 2006, Bhumibol suffered declining health and spent extended periods at Siriraj Hospital.
Siriraj Hospital is the oldest and largest hospital in Thailand, located in Bangkok on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River, opposite Thammasat University's Tha Phrachan campus.
Bhumibol was generally highly revered by the people in Thailand, but his heir Vajiralongkorn does not share the popularity of his father, leading to concerns that the Thai monarchy will lose prestige and influence after Bhumibol's death.