Bethlem Royal Hospital, also known as St Mary Bethlehem, Bethlehem Hospital and Bedlam, is a psychiatric hospital in London.
Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental illness, such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder.
Bethlehem is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about 10 km south of Jerusalem.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Madness of Bedlam by British Films
Its infamous history has inspired several horror books, films and TV series, most notably Bedlam, a 1946 film with Boris Karloff.
William Henry Pratt, better known by his stage name Boris Karloff, was an English actor who was primarily known for his typecast roles in horror films that depicted the characters Frankenstein and the Mummy.
How can art help mental health? by BBC News
It has moved three times from its original location, and is Europe's first and oldest institution to specialise in mental illnesses.
The hospital is closely associated with King's College London and, in partnership with the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, is a major centre for psychiatric research.
The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience is a research institution dedicated to discovering what causes mental illness and diseases of the brain.
King's College London is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.
It is part of the King's Health Partners academic health science centre and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health.
An academic health science centre is a partnership between one or more universities and healthcare providers focusing on research, clinical services, education and training.
Originally the hospital was near Bishopsgate just outside the walls of the City of London.
Bishopsgate is one of the 25 wards of the City of London and also the name of a major road between Gracechurch Street and Norton Folgate in the northeast corner of London's main financial district.
It moved outside of Moorfields in the 17th century, then to St George's Fields in Southwark in the 19th century, before moving to its current location at Monks Orchard in West Wickham in 1930.
In London, the Moorfields were one of the last pieces of open land in the City of London, near the Moorgate.
Monks Orchard is a suburb on the edge of the London Borough of Croydon, England.
The word "bedlam", meaning uproar and confusion, is derived from the hospital's prior nickname.
Prior, derived from the Latin for "earlier, first", is an ecclesiastical title for a superior, usually lower in rank than an abbot or abbess.
Although the hospital became a modern psychiatric facility, historically it was representative of the worst excesses of asylums in the era of lunacy reform.