Bernard "Bernie" Sanders is an American politician, serving as the junior United States Senator from Vermont since 2007.
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
In 180 Seconds You Will Be Voting For Bernie Sanders by Bernie Sanders For President
Sanders is the longest-serving independent in U.S. congressional history.
Senator Bernie Sanders Filibuster (Full 8 1/2 hours) by Dennis Molema
Since his election to the House in 1991, he has caucused with the Democratic Party, which has entitled him to committee assignments and at times given Democrats a majority.
A caucus is a meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.
Sanders became the ranking minority member on the Senate Budget Committee in January 2015; he had previously served for two years as chair of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee.
In United States politics, a ranking member is the second-most senior member of a congressional or state legislative committee from the majority party.
The United States Senate Committee on the Budget was established by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974.
Sanders' campaign against Hillary Clinton for the party's 2016 Presidential nomination raised more money in small, individual contributions than any other in American history, and helped Sanders to rise to international recognition.
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician and the nominee of the Democratic Party for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
This was the only time in Sanders' career that he publicly identified as a Democrat, and he has since announced he will return to the Senate as an independent.
A self-described democratic socialist, Sanders is pro-labor and emphasizes reversing economic inequality.
The Labour movement or Labor movement, or, respectively, labourism or laborism, are general terms for the collective organization of working people developed to represent and campaign for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and, by the implementation of labour and employment laws, their governments.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production; as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim at their establishment.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Many scholars consider his views to be more in line with social democracy and New Deal-era American progressivism than democratic socialism.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a capitalist economy, and a policy regime involving collective bargaining arrangements, a commitment to representative democracy, measures for income redistribution, regulation of the economy in the general interest and welfare state provisions.
Democratic socialism is a political ideology that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production, often with an emphasis on democratic management of enterprises within a socialist economic system.
The New Deal was a series of social liberal programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later.
Sanders was born and raised in the Brooklyn borough of New York and graduated from the University of Chicago in 1964.
The University of Chicago is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois and one of the world's leading and influential institutions of higher learning, with top ten positions in numerous rankings and measures.
Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,636,735 residents in 2015.
While a student he was an active civil rights protest organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
The Congress of Racial Equality is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
After settling in Vermont in 1968, Sanders ran unsuccessful third-party campaigns for governor and U.S. senator in the early to mid-1970s.
As an independent, he was elected mayor of Burlington—Vermont's most populous city—in 1981, where he was reelected three times.
In 1990 he was elected to represent Vermont's at-large congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he co-founded the Congressional Progressive Caucus in 1991.
Vermont has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single at-large congressional district since the 1930 census, when the state lost its second seat, obsoleting its 1st and 2nd congressional districts.
He served as a congressman for 16 years before being elected to the U.S. Senate in 2006.
In 2012, he was reelected with 71% of the popular vote.
Polls indicate that he is among the senators most popular with their constituents, ranking third in 2014 and first in both 2015 and 2016.
Sanders rose to national prominence following his 2010 filibuster against the Middle Class Tax Relief Act of 2010, which extended the Bush tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans.
The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, was passed by the United States Congress on December 16, 2010, and signed into law by President Barack Obama on December 17, 2010.
The phrase Bush tax cuts refers to changes to the United States tax code passed originally during the presidency of George W. Bush and extended during the presidency of Barack Obama, through:
A filibuster is a parliamentary procedure where debate over a proposed piece of legislation is extended, allowing one or more members to delay or entirely prevent a vote on the proposal.
By favoring policies based largely on the Nordic model of social democracy and Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, Sanders has built a reputation as a leading progressive voice on issues such as campaign finance reform, corporate welfare, global warming, income inequality, LGBT rights, parental leave, and universal healthcare.
Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States, from 1933 to 1945.
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Sanders has long been critical of U.S. foreign policy and was an early and outspoken opponent of the Iraq War, the First Gulf War, and U.S. support for the Contras in Nicaragua.
The Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
The contras is a label given to the various U.S.-backed and funded right-wing rebel groups that were active from 1979 to the early 1990s in opposition to the left-wing, socialist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction government in Nicaragua.
The foreign policy of the United States is the way in which it interacts with foreign nations and sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and individual citizens.
He is also outspoken on civil liberties and civil rights, particularly criticizing racial discrimination in the criminal justice system as well as advocating for privacy rights against mass surveillance policies such as the USA PATRIOT Act and the NSA surveillance programs.
Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.