A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting.
Voting is a method for a group such as a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.
2.5 Million Votes Still Not Counted in California! by TheLipTV
It was originally a small ball used to record decisions made by voters.
Donald Trump questions mail-in ballots by CNN
Each voter uses one ballot, and ballots are not shared.
In the simplest elections, a ballot may be a simple scrap of paper on which each voter writes in the name of a candidate, but governmental elections use pre-printed to protect the secrecy of the votes.
A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective recipient of an award or honor, or a person seeking or being considered for some kind of position; for example:
A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled.
The voter casts his/her ballot in a box at a polling station.
A polling place is where voters cast their ballots in elections.
In British English, this is usually called a "ballot paper".
The word ballot is used for an election process within an organisation.