Authorization is the function of specifying access rights/privileges to resources related to information security and computer security in general and to access control in particular.

Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.

Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information.

In the fields of physical security and information security, access control is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource.

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More formally, "to authorize" is to define an access policy.

An author is narrowly defined as the originator of any written work and can thus also be described as a writer.

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For example, human resources staff is normally authorized to access employee records and this policy is usually formalized as access control rules in a computer system.

Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy.


During operation, the system uses the access control rules to decide whether access requests from shall be approved or disapproved .


Resources include individual files or an item's data, computer programs, computer devices and functionality provided by computer applications.

An application software is computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.

A computer program is a collection of instructions that performs a specific task when executed by a computer.

Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables.


Examples of consumers are computer users, computer Software and other Hardware on the computer.

Computer software, or simply software, is that part of a computer system that consists of encoded information or computer instructions, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built.

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