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Austin, Texas

1

Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, although portions extend into Hays and Williamson counties.

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2

It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States, and the 4th-most populous in Texas.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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3

It is the fastest growing large city in the United States and the second most populous capital city after Phoenix, Arizona.

4

As of the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2015 estimate, Austin has a population of 931,830.

5

Located in Central Texas in the foothills of Texas Hill Country, the city is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways including Lady Bird Lake, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, the Colorado River, Lake Travis, and Lake Walter E. Long.

The Texas Hill Country is a geographical region located in the Edwards Plateau at the crossroads of West Texas, Central Texas, and South Texas.

Central Texas is a region in the U.S. state of Texas surrounding Austin and roughly bordered by Brady to Kerrville to La Grange to Waco.

Lady Bird Lake is a river-like reservoir on the Colorado River in Austin, Texas, United States.

6

It is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 2,056,405 as of July 1, 2016.

7

In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River.

8

In 1839, the site was officially chosen to replace Houston as the new capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name "Waterloo".

Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth-most populous city in the United States, located in Southeast Texas near the Gulf of Mexico.

The Republic of Texas was an independent sovereign country in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846.

9

Shortly thereafter, the name was changed to "Austin" in honor of Stephen F. Austin, the "Father of Texas" and the republic's first secretary of state.

Stephen Fuller Austin was an American empresario born in Virginia and raised in southeastern Missouri.

10

The city subsequently grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin.

The University of Texas at Austin, informally UT Austin, UT, University of Texas, or Texas in sports contexts, is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.

The Texas State Capitol, completed in 1888 in Downtown Austin, contains the offices and chambers of the Texas Legislature and the Office of the Governor.

11

After a lull in growth from the Great Depression, Austin resumed its development into a major city and, by the 1980s, it emerged as a center for technology and business.

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s.

12

A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin, including Amazon.com, Apple Inc., Cisco, eBay, Google, IBM, Intel, Oracle Corporation, Texas Instruments, 3M, and Whole Foods Market.

Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational technology conglomerate headquartered in San José, California, in the center of Silicon Valley, that develops, manufactures, and sells networking hardware, telecommunications equipment, and other high-technology services and products.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.

13

Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in nearby Round Rock, a suburb of Austin.

Dell Inc. is a multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas and, along with Dell EMC, is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies, one of the largest technology companies in the world with 138,000 employees.

A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.

14

Residents of Austin are known as Austinites.

15

They include a diverse mix of government employees, college students, musicians, high-tech workers, blue-collar workers, and a vibrant LGBT community.

In English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs non-agricultural manual labour.

16

The city's official slogan promotes Austin as "The Live Music Capital of the World," a reference to the many musicians and live music venues within the city, as well as the long-running PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits.

Austin City Limits is an American public television music program recorded live in Austin, Texas, by Public Broadcasting Service member television station KLRU, and broadcast on many PBS stations around the United States.

17

The city also adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies.

18

In recent years, some Austinites have also adopted the unofficial slogan "Keep Austin Weird," which refers to the desire to protect small, unique, and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations.

Keep Austin Weird is the slogan adopted by the Austin Independent Business Alliance to promote small businesses in Austin, Texas.

19

In the late 19th century, Austin was known as the "City of the Violet Crown" because of the colorful glow of light across the hills just after sunset.

City of the Violet Crown is a term for at least two different cities:

20

Even today, many Austin businesses use the term "Violet Crown" in their name.

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