Augusto C. Sandino, full name Augusto Nicolás Calderón de Sandino y José de María Sandino, was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.
A revolutionary is a person who either participates in, or advocates revolution.
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
He was called a "bandit" by the United States government; his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to United States domination.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Latin America is the group of countries and dependencies in the Americas where Romance languages are predominant.
Sandino drew units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war.
The United States Marine Corps, also known as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile.
Juan Bautista Sacasa was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1933 to 9 June 1936.
The recall of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s.
Sandino was assassinated in 1934 by National Guard forces of General Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later.
A coup d'état, sometimes translated as "blow of state" or "hit of state", but the literal translation is "stroke of the state" – as in the swiping or stroke of a sword; plural: coups d'état,, also known simply as a coup, putsch, or an overthrow, is the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus.
Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza García was officially the 21st President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.
After being elected president by an overwhelming margin in 1936, Somoza García resumed control of the National Guard and established a dictatorship and Somoza family dynasty that ruled Nicaragua for more than 40 years.
Sandino's political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, which finally overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.
The Sandinista National Liberation Front is now a democratic socialist political party in Nicaragua.
Sandino is revered in Nicaragua and in 2010 its congress unanimously named him a "national hero".
His political descendants, the icons of his wide-brimmed hat and boots, and his writings from the years of warfare against the U.S. Marines continue to shape Nicaragua's national identity.
The United States Marine Corps, also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations with the United States Navy as well as the Army and Air Force.