Asperger syndrome, also known as Asperger's, is a developmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
Developmental disorders is a group of psychiatric conditions originating in childhood that involve serious impairment in different areas.
In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship between two or more individuals.
Nonverbal communication between people is communication through sending and receiving wordless clues.
What Is Asperger's Syndrome? by The National Center for Learning Disabilities
As a milder autism spectrum disorder, it differs from other ASDs by relatively normal language and intelligence.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior.
Autism spectrum or autism spectrum disorder describes a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM-5, published in 2013.
10 Aspergers Symptoms - Autism and Asperger Syndrome ... by The Aspie World
Although not required for diagnosis, physical clumsiness and unusual use of language are common.
Signs usually begin before two years old and typically last for a person's entire life.
The exact cause of Asperger's is unknown.
While it is probably partly inherited, the underlying genetics have not been determined conclusively.
A tic is a sudden, repetitive, nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization involving discrete muscle groups.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Environmental factors are also believed to play a role.
Brain imaging has not identified a common underlying problem.
The diagnosis of Asperger's was removed in the 2013 fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and people with these symptoms are now included within the autism spectrum disorder along with autism and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified.
The diagnostic category pervasive developmental disorders, as opposed to specific developmental disorders, refers to a group of five disorders characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions including socialization and communication.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
A pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified is one of the three autism spectrum disorders and also one of the five disorders classified as a pervasive developmental disorder.
It remains within the tenth edition of the International Classification of Diseases as of 2015.
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, usually called by the short-form name International Classification of Diseases, is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes".
There is no single treatment, and the effectiveness of particular interventions is supported by only limited data.
Treatment is aimed at improving poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness.
Interventions may include social skills training, cognitive behavioral therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, parent training, and medications for associated problems such as mood or anxiety.
Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist, also called speech and language therapist, or speech therapist, who specializes in the evaluation and treatment of communication disorders, cognition, voice disorders, and swallowing disorders.
Physical therapy, also known as physiotherapy, is a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialty that, by using mechanical force and movements, remediates impairments and promotes mobility, function, and quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, and physical intervention.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychosocial intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice for treating mental disorders.
Most children improve as they grow up, but social and communication difficulties usually persist.
Some researchers and people on the autism spectrum have advocated a shift in attitudes toward the view that autism spectrum disorder is a difference, rather than a disease that must be treated or cured.
In 2013, Asperger's was estimated to affect 31 million people globally.
The syndrome is named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, described children in his practice who lacked nonverbal communication, had limited understanding of others' feelings, and were physically clumsy.
The modern conception of Asperger syndrome came into existence in 1981 and went through a period of popularization.
It became a standardized diagnosis in the early 1990s.
Many questions and controversies remain about aspects of the disorder.